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With law no. 215 of 20 July 2004, the will of Parliament sought to ensure that the decisions of government officials be guided exclusively by the public interest. The point is for the decision-making of the President of the Council and the Ministers and Undersecretaries to be insulated from conflicts of interest, which arise whenever office-holders are also bearers (directly or indirectly) of private interests that could conflict with public interests.

As a preventive measure, the law already incorporates a listing of inherent incompatibilities between public positions and other roles. Conflicts of interest, however, can still manifest themselves whenever government actors omit mandatory actions or shape their decision-making in ways that favor their personal holdings or those of their relatives, all to the detriment of the public interest.