Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato


The Italian Competition Authority (Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato), better known as the Antitrust Authority, was established in Italy in 1990. It is an independent body, meaning that all its decisions are based on the law and it is impossible for the Government or for any political parties to interfere. Having as aim the citizens’ welfare, the Authority enforces those rules which prohibit anticompetitive agreements among undertakings, abuse of dominant position as well as any possible mergers which may create or strengthen dominant positions detrimental to competition. As of 2007, the Antitrust has been in charge of protecting consumers from any unfair commercial practices among undertakings, as well as from all misleading advertising.  In order to guarantee fair market competition, it also intervenes against all comparative advertising which may bring discredit on competitors’ products or cause confusion among consumers. As of June 13, 2014 the Italian Competition Authority is also in charge of the public enforcement of the rules on consumer rights (set forth by Directive 83/2011/EU). As of 2004, the Italian Competition Authority has also been in charge of enforcing laws against conflicts of interest for Holders of Public Office.